Wreath Laying - Dublin - 18 November 2014
On Tuesday 18 November 2014 at 10.15am, an official wreath laying event was held in memory of the Shot at Dawn at the Irish War Memorial Gardens in Islandbridge, Dublin. Mr George Macintyre placed a wreath on behalf of the National Union of Journalists (Great Britain and Ireland) Shot at Dawn Pardons Campaign and recited the Ode to the Fallen at the altar stone in memory of all those executed for alleged battlefield offences in the 1914-1918 war. Piper Stef O'Reilly, former Pipe Band Sergeant, lrish Army, piped two laments in memory of the fallen during this event.
NUJ Wreaths - Cenotaph London - 9 November 2014
George Macintyre, Newcastle branch NUJ chairman and treasurer David Baines continued the union’s 13-year attendance at the Remembrance Day parade at the Cenotaph in London and placed Wreaths at the Cenotaph.
rish Government To Update WW1 Records - Irish Times 28 October 2014
A report in the Irish Times 26 October 2014 that Irish War Memorial Records are to be updated for greater accuracy is a long overdue and welcome development.
Irish Times Supplement - Remembered at Last - 22 October 2014
Myles Dungan in his excellent article “Remembered at Last” (Irish Times Supplement Extract 22nd Oct, Page 6) asserts “28 Irishmen are recorded as being among the unfortunate 306 Soldiers from the British and Colonial armies who were executed during the Great war, or 9.1 per cent of the total". To clarify, 26 British soldiers are recorded as being from Ireland and not 28 as published. Some years ago two names were added to the list by another author because both were from an Irish regiment and since then various writers have identified these personnel as being Irishmen when in fact they are not. Private Harry Hendricks, 2nd Battalion, Leinster Regiment was executed on the 23rd August 1918. Harry was born in America and had volunteered for service in an Irish Regiment: Source, Shot at Dawn By Julian Putkowski and Julian Sykes first published 1989, Leo Cooper, page 254/255. Private Albert Rickman, 1st Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers was executed on the 15th September 1916. Albert was born in Hampshire in England: Source, Commonwealth War Graves Debt of Honour Register. Although it is believed that many more of the 306 Shot at Dawn for Military offences had Irish connections or had been born in Ireland however to date exact numbers have not been proven. Nevertheless this Irish Times supplement is a worthy addition to the knowledge base.
Shot at Dawn - Photographic Exhibition - 2014/2016
Commissioned by the Ruskin School of Art at the University of Oxford as part of 14–18-NOW, WW1 Centenary Art Commissions, Shot at Dawn is a new body of work by the photographer Chloe Dewe Mathews that focuses on the sites at which British, French and Belgian troops ( + Irish) were executed for cowardice and desertion between 1914 and 1918. The project comprises images of twenty-three locations at which individuals were shot or held in the period leading up to their executions and all were taken as close to the exact time of execution as possible and at approximately the same time of year. During the first world war hundreds of soldiers, many of them teenage volunteers, were shot by firing squad for cowardice or desertion. Chloe Dewe Mathews's Photographs of the mostly forgotten sites of their execution provide a poignant memorial of their tragic fate: See The GuardianExhibition Timeline : Shot at Dawn Edinburgh - Stills: Scotland’s Centre for Photography - 8 November 2014 - 25 January 2015. London - Tate Modern - 26 November 2014 - 15 March 2015. Essen - Museum Folkwang - 10 April - 5 July 2015. Dresden - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen - 31 July - 25 October 2015. Dublin - Irish Museum of Modern Art - 25 August 2015 - 17 January 2016. Madrid - Ivorypress - 27 May - 16 July 2016.
Ireland at War magazine - Irish Independent - 17 May 2014
Senan Doran O'Reilly's excellent article (17th May 2014, Ireland at War) titled 'Clear Record As Executed Soldiers Exonerated' published in the Irish Independent requires clarification. The Shot at Dawn 1914-1918 were never exonerated, in fact they were conditionally pardoned, which is a different outcome entirely in contrast to the Amnesty and Immunity Act introduced by Mr Allan Shatter TD when he was Minister for Defence. The service personnel who went Absent Without Leave (AWOL) from the Irish Defence Forces during the emergency were exonerated by Amnesty Law in 2013 which obliterated any imputation of guilt determined by Eamon de Valera in 1945 pursuant to Emergency Powers Order 362. In contrast the British Pardons for Servicemen Executed for Discipilinary Offences: Recognition as Victims of First World War initiated by the House of Commons pursuant to Section 359 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 did not vacate any convictions determined by court-martial during the Great War, only the punishment was mitigated. Nevertheless the Ireland at War magazine is a worthy additional contribution to the discourse on Irish involvement in the Great War.
Digital Archive - 11 January 2014 - Irish Media Reports
On January 11, 2014, Irish newspapers reported on the "Official launch of a digital archive containing the details of 49000 soldiers from Ireland who died as a result of injuries sustained in Battle" and stated "For the first time, the public will be given access to an online database of all Irish World War One casualties" and that "Ireland's memorial records can be found online at http://imr.inflandersfields.be/search.html ". While the inclusion of Records of 49,000 Irish WWI dead in any new digital archive online is important for remembering soldiers, there is also concerns regarding the accuracy of the Irish figures being presented. The 'new' on-line archive launched on Friday 10 January 2014 is simply an e-form version of the volumes published by Eva Barnard in 1923, a gravely flawed series that depended on newspaper reports and Soldiers/Officers Died in the Great War and its validity is questionable. A cursory search of this Online Archive for the Irish Shot at Dawn suggests they have been excluded, and not for the first time in the past 100 years. The support of Foreign Affairs for our campaign was a crucial factor towards persuading the British to introduce their pardoning legislation in 2006, and I am surprised at their apparent omission. See WW1 Record Omission - Irish Examiner, 20 Jan 2014. Although the names of those Irish born British soldiers executed during World War One for military offences were included in the Addendum to the Irish WW1 Memorial records, following their pardon by the British government in November 2006, it would seem this addendum may not have been reviewed. Hopefully this will be rectified in the near future. In dealing with WW1 and the Irish experience there is an expectation that so called experts, aspiring historians et al, would be more diligent with their research and analysis before putting content in the public domain. Otherwise errors do become accepted as fact.